Copyright ©2001-2019 Marshall Rendina. All rights reserved.
Towards a More Complete Understanding, 2017
Summary of Philosophical Thought
Music of the spheres is central to the idea of a complete and holistic understanding of music. Spheres are useful to understand music as not only is the world in which all its styles of music exist spherical, but auditory perception as it includes the whole of one’s surroundings. My interest in spheres has influenced a few of my pieces. There are those of geodesics, in which lines converge and diverge from monophonic parts, to one line giving the impression of two or three, to two or three, then to two or three giving the impression of one, and one line again. Moon phases is an important piece extending the language of minimalism by writing a short fragment as part of a canon for each phase of the moon, allowing for retrogrades and inversions, as could also be applied to the orbits of planets. I have used pitch spaces and conceptualized a spherical mapping of a tone network inclusive of all major and minor triads, allowing the performer to move through the space without unusual sounding modulations as each chord shares two notes with the chord adjacent, their notes being assigned to vertices of triangles. Music of the spheres need not refer to those of planets and the earth, but also to the other spheres in knowledge, whether social, cultural, being technological or of the arts, those within thought, and those found in nature, especially the human body, light, and the environment.
Twelve-tone music and that of aleatoric means refer only to two polarities of alchemical processes in music – which I refer to as fixation or order and chaos or the Prima Materia. Many others can be invented using those found in alchemy as a metaphor. To facilitate such devices of composing and aiding in the creative process I have created my Alchemy Cards. The language of experimental music has already begun to be absorbed into that of pop and rock music, especially from the 1980s onward. This is not to say that all barriers have been dissolved in music, and many more walls will continue to come down, especially those invisible walls created by the preferences and ignorance of some composers and those of popular musicians as well. We have entered the age of a hyper-individualism in music that began in the twentieth century, but is now devoid of the idea of movements, particularly those that are central to a geographical location, as recorded music is widely and freely available to all who can access it on the Internet, allowing each person to choose which styles they identify with and can integrate into their own.
I have taken an interest in music of the East, especially Indian ragas, and those of other countries whose emphasis is on melody, for its richness in expression and spiritual character. When comparing ragas to chords, there are many more subtleties in expression that can be brought about through playing all 72 of them. I have put forth that only 17 ragas may be harmonized using harmony in the Western sense, perhaps also modifying their intonation, and particularly by using thirds and understanding the consonant and dissonant intervals resulting from them, perhaps not including minor ninths above another interval in certain respects outside of V chords with the root or fifth of the chord. Of these ragas, perhaps only 4 parent modes are used – Lydian, Lydian Dominant, Harmonic Minor, and Harmonic Major, of which 28 chords and their extensions can be used, many of which are used to a much lesser degree in music familiar to most Western listeners' ears, in addition to 3 auxiliary modes being the whole tone, diminished, and more unusual augmented scale that are also able to be harmonized using thirds. 17 modes may be used for writing music with a key center – those ragas with a root and a fifth in music harmonized with thirds. In my understanding of the use of such related modes, music from greater Europe and the Levant can be brought into harmony with that of the European tradition, with a significant overlap with Indian music.
The emphasis of vertical harmony is not characteristic of music outside the West, though I have taken an interest in writing polyphonic music in Eastern styles, perhaps with less interest in what chords result and etiquette is proper for their use. In writing music of this nature, one can create guidelines of their own to ensure that lines are melodic and independent from one another through approaching types of intervals – consonances, imperfect consonances, or dissonances, through contrary, oblique, or direct motion, without emphasizing consonance, though octaves and fifths exist in most cultures. Such writing is then inclusive of what Westerners may consider to be dissonant, and perhaps within its own intonation.
Art and Aesthetics
Art is not science; it does not require any form of empirical discovery, but is a form of culture, and thus means of its development may build on those already existing. This process is much slower and takes more care as cultural knowledge differs from that of empiricism. It would be unusual to say that one has had a breakthrough discovery in art in which some new observation has been made as a result of existing knowledge and instruments, but rather that they came to an understanding of how art is created that lent them to make it in another way.
The experimentalism of the twentieth century and desire to greatly depart from previous aesthetic ideas or dismantle them ultimately will be absorbed into those more traditional ideas about what art is, as the more radical ideas ultimately had been rooted in or existed in earlier periods in history or in other parts of the world, with only means that are technical being perfected in a way that can be reconciled with existing culture.
This is not to say that anything including life itself cannot be art, but that an aesthetic understanding may now exist such that lines that have been drawn between traditional aesthetics in which there is a given start and end to a piece and an audience and performers no longer exists, though an idea of what is moving can be successful with others in their interests and need for art may be the same as it has always been.
Artists occupy the roles of the shaman or healer, the fool or prophet, and the hermit or rogue or dissenter. Artists fulfill these roles because problems in society have arisen that must be resolved in ways that are not present in social relationships that exist for economic reasons or those of romantic reasons and friendships alone.
Grammar is universal as an underlying structure to communication using signs or words as they relate to the visual and auditory in the sense that each of the objects that are being communicated have a relationship to one another. This does not imply that the same number of words are used to convey such relationships in all languages, and nor does it imply that their order in speech is the same. This underlying structure is essentially pre-conscious and unless words are not already known, it is not even consciously considered when forming ideas using language in order to communicate them with others. Above this grammar are known words and their meanings.
There are two types of meanings from which I have understood language – meanings that are built upon other words, and meanings without such indirect connotations, or absolute meanings. This may lend one to the understanding that there is a simpler form of language that is inclusive of what is necessary to be understood when speaking directly about certain objects, actions, and the way in which they relate to one another, and another form of language that does not relate directly and in an absolute sense that is built upon higher meanings. Everybody would know what a person means by “Sit on the green chair next to the desk in the front of the classroom.”, though not everybody would know the meaning of a phrase such as “He enjoyed all the colorful variations in voice that the author used.” Such a phrase may require additional thoughts to explain. Thus, words are not symbols in the sense of an image having a veiled meaning beneath in conversation, but lend themselves to direct understanding. As words are forgotten and their meanings change over many years, they are then interpreted differently, and attain a character that is metaphorical, else they are used metaphorically to begin with outside of conversation. Metaphor is not the same in concept, as a higher meaning is less directly associated with the objects they refer to, but rather associated with other words, whereas a metaphor may be a deliberate attempt to veil meaning or give additional meaning to an object or word.
Above such meanings a grammatical structure may be constructed from the understanding of the words used that a person has. This too may not in general be considered consciously by them in speech or in writing unless it is required of them or considered improper not to. On the uppermost level, words are perhaps then actually heard within thought, just as they would be used to communicate with others, being directly attached to the aspects of physiology that allow for phonemes and syllables to be produced. Thus, a word being recognized as a complete sign alone does not require the correct order of phonemes to be understood or recognized as that word visually, but only the first and last in order while others may be shuffled.
Thus, there is an underlying grammar dependent on the relationships of the objects, underlying meaning prior to words being formed allowing for a word to be associated, choosing an indirect meaning being subjective, or direct meaning more conversational and objective - either of which may be used in allegory, the word itself, an ordered grammar dependent upon the language used, and the syllables and phonemes that make up the word. In literature, in addition to the aspects that make up a language, there are the number of people in conversation, phrases outside of conversation relating to the setting, and the story itself.
In an ideal world, a free communication infrastructure would support all aspects of free expression without the need for government approval or prioritizing those with financial interests by using advertising. Music should be a free and collective art form, as well as visual art, literature, and other forms of media.
In the sphere of information display and retrieval we mainly refer to locations in the world, and those of relationships outward from an individual with varying degrees of visibility, sharing, and privacy. Perhaps in the future, internet websites will no longer exist with specific purposes, but servers will allow individuals to create pages in a decentralized universal open source platform using modules based on the elements of communication, inclusive of channels – being blogs, timelines, or feeds; destinations, being open to subscription or closed with intended recipients, the senders and sources of the messages, receivers subscribing or tuning in, visiting, or being an intended recipient, the messages and content of those messages, the medium, with the possibility of being a mixed media or intermedia application, and inclusive of text, visual, and audio elements, archives with mediums not periodical for access, pages not periodical for access, the framework or structure of the communications sphere, perhaps with maps, calendars, dates, times, and locations, with linking and connections, labeling and tagging, commenting and feedback, events, and so forth as other elements of communication, allowing for the advanced organization of information.
Such elements give rise to the idea of the visibility and access to the messages, being either intended for recipients or for all, being open for all to view and subscribe to or requiring permission, and the desire of the recipient to subscribe, view, tune in, or receive the messages. Sharing, mass collaboration, and user generated content saw the internet coming to fruition in the 2000s, ushering in the democratization of media with sites allowing for a nearly unlimited amount of user-generated content to be shared. This is now being challenged by sites with the ability to manipulate users’ news feeds and subscriptions. Such important issues that are brought about in communication include truth and epistemology in relation to mass messages, especially those created by people who wish to speak on behalf of others, and the ability for anybody to produce such messages. Espionage remains of interest in communication, as does anonymity. Identity remains of primary interest, having always been challenged by the media and mass messages.
Ideas about property and sharing continue to be expanded especially outside of computer applications alone concerning media content, with who can share and for what purposes in question, the potential for modification of works and subsequent versions, and their use for a multitude of purposes, including the idea of not allowing sharing for commercial purposes though allowing for those non-commercial, allowing for advertising to compensate the originators regardless of who shared the content on sites that use it, the use of content in advertising itself, ethical ideas surrounding profiteering through sharing other work and not compensating the originators for advertisements shown, and those who disallow sharing altogether and resort to methods of protecting information. Thus, along one axis is sharing, modification and use, and along another axis is commercial purposes, non-commercial purposes, and non sharing, non-modification, and no use.
There is a tendency within the communications sphere to blur the line between what is local and stored on a user’s computer and what is elsewhere – on a server or multiple servers or on other peers’ computers. This tendency perhaps will ultimately result in interfaces for browsing contents on one’s own computer applications to be no different from those of internet browsers, allowing one to browse what is on the internet as they would their own computer, with the idea of the website or web page only one form of medium in addition to those periodical and archival. Virtual reality remains of interest, with newer investigations into the sphere of human perception, varying degrees of immersion within such worlds, as a means to access media in relation to present activities, as a way to alter perceptually oriented input, and to access media while being preoccupied with other things. There is also the possibility of virtual reality as a simulation of physical reality.
Along more esoteric routes, the sphere of communication also gives rise to investigations into E.S.P., clairvoyance, and precognition. The symbols that communication seeks to represent are those of the crystal ball and the mirror, being the archetypal objects with meanings concerning clairvoyance and one’s own identity. Communication need not involve technology, and may involve any other subjects discussed herein, especially those using the body, art, music, and language.
A city of interconnected circular towers and buildings would allow for it to exist as a single honeycomb-like structure. The city would be free from emissions, allowing for cars and other vehicles to travel within the structures. Plant life would be grown within structures in the city, on walls, and on rooftops. Solar and wind energy would be completely integrated within the design of each building. The structures would be made mostly from ceramic and earth materials, those larger using concrete, metal and glass. New building blocks could be developed allowing for a building to take any shape, connecting each block without the need for fastening or bolts. The blocks could be of any geometric form, with parts missing or hollow within, allowing for pipes and cables to go between them, and for them to be filled after the structure is assembled with earth and insulation materials.
Residential houses can be built from earth and ceramic materials alone rather than those of wood, possibly including grasses within the mixture for insulation. Such houses would be constructed from adjacent circles and domes. The houses could be laid out such that each dome or circular room represents an energy center within the body – meditating, the mind and knowledge, speech and expression, breathing, the heart, digestion and eating, and those used to expel waste and for reproduction, having associated functions within each room. The houses would be inexpensive to build, perhaps using temporary domes made from metal underneath while the structure takes form.
Areas outside of those residential could be used to allow livestock to roam free. Farming would also entail the harvesting of energy from solar and wind sources in addition to careful use of water resources in irrigation systems. Such farms may reclaim organic waste or compost from nearby residential and urban areas. Recycled materials would simply be cleaned for reuse especially in the packaging of food and household items, unless a demand existed to transform the objects for other purposes.
I have made sketches for the designs of several transportation vehicles using only circles. The vehicles would be electric powered only, with the possibility of hydrogen fuel cells. The hydrogen and electricity would be generated by renewable sources – solar, wind, and hydro energy. The vehicles would travel in both directions, eventually driving themselves automatically. Perhaps the first steps towards implementing widespread use of automated driving systems would be using them as a safety feature that automatically stops at red lights and stop signs, and steering clear of other cars and pedestrians, being able to communicate with others cars on the road. Passengers would enter a vehicle with doors that open outward from the center, choose a destination, and be able to travel just about anywhere in the world.
Individualized means of public transportation could be made available in cities, with such vehicles being accessible to the general public. Passengers would simply travel to their destination and leave the vehicle for others to use. Between cities and for longer distances, I have created design sketches for a pod transportation system in which magnetically levitated spherical pods travel through vacuum tubes. The pods can attach to one another and gyroscopically stabilize. This allows for additional safety, if there were to be an accident the pods would roll out of the tubes or off of other carrier vehicles and remain upright protecting the passengers inside.
The possibility exists to connect Eurasia and North America with a tunnel or bridges across the Bering Strait, allowing for a single transportation infrastructure and shared energy resources, especially those solar, for the five main continents, as one side of the would be day and the other night. This would eliminate much loud and fuel intensive air travel and allow for goods to be shipped intercontinentally without the need for travel across the ocean. The use of a worldwide energy grid based mostly on solar and wind energy may be necessary to avert climate change.
Culture in the traditional sense refers to human activities that have been developed generationally through passing down understandings of how things are created and done, and through their exchange geographically between groups of people, especially those non-material as knowledge, rituals and ceremonies, performing arts, literature, and traditions, and material as tools, textiles, woodwork, ceramics, art objects and so forth. Culling refers to selecting what is to be used from what is available and –ure means the result of. Thus, culture is the result of selecting the best material and non-material aspects of human activities and passing them down to future generations, taking many generations to develop a culture though perfecting methods and understandings, assimilating things into the culture, and the use and sustenance of available resources. In the general sense it refers to all of human activity whether developed generationally within a group and exchanged with others or not, inclusive of religion, knowledge and methodologies, the arts, technology and tools, rituals and ceremonies, and public events.
Many attitudes towards culture exist. These are in the most general sense those of the desire to retain what they perceive as their own, neither causing loss of culture nor developing new culture through its integration; the desire to change one’s culture to another culture which may result in either loss of culture or creation of new culture; the desire to prevent others from using what they perceive to be their culture in order to protect it from being misused or diluted, which does not prevent the loss of culture though it may hinder new culture from developing; the desire to allow others to use their culture and share in culture, causing new cultures to arise and possibly preventing the loss of culture through its transfer to others; the use and interest in others' culture, perhaps contributing to new culture and prevention of the loss of that culture; the rejection or indifference towards others' cultures, causing no new culture to arise and no continuation or spreading of the culture; the desire to force others to change their culture or adapt to the dominant culture or acceptance of others desire to do so, resulting in the loss of culture and no new culture; the desire to allow others to use only their own culture or acceptance of their desire to use only their own culture without access to or use of other cultures, resulting in no new culture through integration, and possibly preventing the loss of culture in a very limited sense as it is limited to one population only.
These attitudes must be distinguished from stereotypes, in which no culture of others is used but only portrayals are made without using their culture – perhaps being more prevalent with attitudes of the rejection of others’ cultures, kitsch, in which the quality of the culture has been compromised through lack of understanding, and exploitation, in which culture has been used for profit perhaps with a lower quality and without a proper understanding of the culture, displacing the existing culture that took longer to develop, was of higher quality, and required greater understanding.
The people of the world should be able to use all culture that is available to them, having the right to either change or retain what they perceive to be their own their culture . This overarching sum of all culture emerged in the modern era and will continue to develop, perhaps more rapidly given the widespread availability of culture and knowledge, and perhaps in ways in which several cultures have been integrated as one, though those with more conservative attitudes towards culture may see this as unnatural in the development of culture and requiring slower progress.
A range of economic activities is called for that allows for there to be a poverty floor in which every person is guaranteed some income to keep money circulating, and a wealth ceiling, in which the wealthiest members of society have a limit over how much property and assets they can attain. This prevents the corruption of government, and helps to stabilize the economy with lower risks of sharp downturns.
Currencies should be based off of the labor hour. The labor hour is in essence the minimum wage or what economic means an hour of work can provide an unskilled worker. This may help prevent rapid inflation and unfair labor practices, and also allow those in the working class more mobility. The labor hour or minimum wage should be implemented worldwide, and with the success of such a measure, exploitation of offshore labor would be a minimum with those populations able to participate in economic activities as any other would in a highly economically developed country. The underlying problem is not that there is not enough to provide for those in need, but that those in need should be able to set up sustainable means to provide for themselves and participate in economic activities.
Microcurrencies can be used to strengthen labor unions by being used for specific purposes or in specific geographical areas only. Microcurrencies for agricultural produce for example may contribute to less waste and more efficient use of available resources, while microcurrencies used for transportation may allow for further regulation and protection against energy shortages or high demand. The government may issue such currencies and any employer could pay people in a variety of currencies either as the main wage or as additional benefits.
The goal of future economics should be an economy where as little work is performed by people as possible with a maximum of economic resources for the entire population. It is then a question of what resources are available to be distributed and what types of labor people are still willing to perform. People may still wish to make improvements to existing infrastructural designs – communication, transportation, and architecture as part of open-source collaborative projects, or participate in more local microeconomic activities such as organic food markets, handmade crafts and other goods.
Each person should identify themselves as human only; nothing more, and nothing less. Each person should view others in this way. This can be accomplished through a process of individuation in which the internal conflicts facing a person arising from their family tree and position in society have been resolved and transformed in a way that the individual can view everything in the way of culture, nationality, and so forth that is not an aspect of their own body or mind as being outside of their possession, and as being available for their use, being able to identify with aspects of every other group of people and culture as well as their own, and not identify with certain aspects of their own culture.
People should participate in volunteering projects and mass-collaborative projects in which their own ego has been compromised to serve a purpose that could not be accomplished by themselves alone. Throughout the completion of the project one will be able to develop an ego and find their strengths and weaknesses in what is helpful to others, and avoid what is not helpful to others, such that they do not have an overly developed ego being self-centered and egotistical, nor do they have low self-worth.
Conscience arises from the need of the individual to see justice for wrongdoing against them, which may be right or wrong in the face of others in society, and for the individual to secure themselves in their identity with what others view as morally upright, which may or may not be right in a universal sense in which rightness exists the same for all, even if it is not politically correct or acceptable to others one knows or has identified with.
The life of every individual may be likened to an unending alchemy process that is never fully completed until perhaps the end of their life. There is no fixed number of processes or agreed upon method by which a person transforms their interests, relationships, views, thoughts, and way of interacting with the world, though many exist that are common to all forms of alchemy.
Sexuality and Relationships
Human sexuality can be explained using a spectrum for preference, identity, and physiological characteristics. The male and female sexes have more in common than differences. Both sexes share in hormones though having differing amounts. Identity and preference may change throughout one’s life, as can a persons physiological characteristics, being more masculine or feminine, or preferring people of either characteristics. This is not far removed from the characteristics that make up an individuals social identity and that with political and other views about race, ethnicity, and class, being sometimes based upon circumstance and not upon universal and foundational principles. Few people without either dogmatic religious beliefs or repressed complexes arising from others beliefs about their own sexuality concern themselves with the preferences and identities of others. Trans people offer a unique and important place in society between the male and female sexes, often in the position of shaman and healer in Native American societies, being called two-spirits.
Ethical conflict arises over how the body is portrayed and how sex in general is portrayed, either in public, in private, in media, and so forth. Positive aspects of such expressions allow some individuals to lead more satisfying lives and feel better about themselves likening negative views with censorship and religious dogma, while negative aspects tend to lend themselves towards those of being used or exploited, especially by feminists, and perhaps contributing to a culture where consent is not taken seriously. In public at the present, most people agree that consent is the central aspect of ethics regarding sex and not its portrayal or nudity.
Sexual behavior in public is also in general cast in a negative light, likening it to animalistic behavior, for the sake that children and others may see it and that those participating in such lewd acts are vulnerable to begin with. Attitudes regarding sex in public have changed in different periods in history, although it remains of great interest to many.
The age of consent remains somewhat a small subject of debate and whether there should be a transitional period of age difference, though acts between adults and children are generally viewed as not consensual, and those among children under the age of consent as not consensual. This remains a problem among communities, especially those religious, and perhaps those of the entertainment and fashion industries who are not open to speaking about sexual abuse for fear of protecting oneself from shame, and failing to resolve the issues. Openness to speak about sexuality in any of its aspects without shame is essential to maintaining a healthy society.
Social progress in the sense of legal and governmental inclusiveness of people in the United States is dead; only ethical foundations must be reaffirmed philosophically and understandings among individuals as to what equality is and what it is not must be reached. This may mean a definition not inclusive of what is not part of being a human being alone; what possessions and abilities one presently has, but only inclusive of rights as they imply equal punishment or reward for actions, the freedom to think and act, membership in society and all that it entails. One must be equal to what a human being is, not an idea of what another group or individual is.
Representative democracy is flawed. All people must be able to vote on all laws applicable to them at all times. A world government is needed in which all may participate in the same manner that others do. Major reforms would include banning the use of weapons and fossil fuels as they always result in the violation of peoples’ rights, and making drug possession and use free from penalty of incarceration, though perhaps such drugs may be regulated or confiscated. Politicians are manipulators and all politics are based on circumstance as a result of the individual’s identification with certain groups and the culture and values associated with them. Circumstance changes, whereas truth in rightness and wrongdoing does not.
People function best in small communities in which they know every person. Sociology is perhaps better understood beginning with the individual, their partner, sexual identity and preferences as sexual relationships and reproduction transcend race, their family and ethnicity as the basis of group identification, friendships and belongings to religious and other organizations as extensions of their identity, class and professional associations, and cultural preferences and views as a way of relating to others in a meaningful way.
Groups are not cultures or land, nor any aspect of them, but possessive attitudes toward such things allow for marginalized populations to feel more secure; the more marginalized or poor the situation is, economically or otherwise, the more likely a person will be willing to identify with the group alone and embrace nationalist or separatist ideas. The use of land whether for public use or for individuals and organizations must be decided democratically and directly by all people living within the area in question, regardless of nativity, legal status, or those of past or present conflicts. Culture must be available for all to use. If aspects of culture or land must be protected it must be done so by individuals or organizations in which each member has decided to join. Individuals in ethnic groups may disagree with others within their group about attitudes toward culture.
False responsibility is the root of all social ills, and has many faces, especially blame and stereotyping, and is universal to all members of the human race. Politically correct forms of it only make matters worse, as those who are blamed in political correctness - perhaps majority groups – may have more privileged members who do not understand what problems are facing the more common or poorer people in their group, looking down upon them, or allowing others blaming their group to go uncriticized in their views for the sake of saving face, being in the middle and upper classes, removed from conflicts with other groups. Groups do not have privileges, as members of any groups may be without economic means, may be disabled and so forth; rights are not granted by governments, groups, or religions. Rights are granted by the individual by respecting others’ rights, holding others responsible for their actions alone, and being responsible for their actions alone.
A more holistic view of ethics is needed – one that arises perhaps from and regarding all of the subjects contained herein. Right precedes wrong – rights are necessary to understand and construct arguments for what is wrong, not vice-versa. Restrictions do not yield what is right, they arise from rights being violated. There are four basic kinds of rights: those of the individual, those of relationships to others, those of relationships to property or objects, and those of other living things and the earth.
Rights are similar to necessity, containing everything that is necessary for one’s health and wellbeing, though without violation of another’s rights, and entailing all other thoughts and acts that are not in violation of others rights that may not be necessary for one’s health and wellbeing.
Individual rights begin at birth and end at death; thus, in addition to including the right to live free from injury and harm, to move about freely, and to reside where one would desire, beginning from the head downward: thought, right forms of speech and the production of artistic and literary works, access to knowledge and the arts, diet and drink, breathing clean air, sunlight, consensual sexual behaviors between adults, urination and defecation that does not violate others rights (perhaps especially those that may cause illness).
When a right is wronged, justice is called for. Justice may entail changes in a person’s rights of association and property to varying degrees, but not those of the individual except perhaps freedom of movement, and not those of living things and the earth.
The brain utilizes thought paths from which chains of thoughts or trains of thoughts arise through their associations from external stimuli and from experiences. These patterns in thoughts may be similar to how trails arise from walking on them repeatedly. The formation of thought patterns around negative experiences leads to poor mental health, especially obsessive and compulsive behaviors, depression, anxiety and paranoia, as well as escapist tendencies such fantasies and delusions.
A super-conscious level of thought exists that is neither sub-conscious in relation to dreaming and functions more close to that necessary for one’s wellbeing, or pre-conscious, in relation to brain activities that relate to the formation of words and images within conscious thought. This is a spiritual level of thought present in meditation that is necessary for health and can improve the overall functioning of the mind by forming new pathways in the mind that lead to higher thoughts.
New understandings are needed for the categories and functions of the human mind, and in order to live a complete existence in which one utilizes the whole of their mind and human potential, activities that promote the interconnectivity of these areas should be taken part in and encouraged. This can be accomplished especially in music and the arts, and other creative activities. This has been outlined in my layers of aesthetic thought diagram.
The brain is more interconnected than our understanding of various categories or functions may allow us and our conscious ability to recognize these things may only be a tiny part of the potential of the human mind. Thoughts become structures, most of which are tied to experience and memory, and each individual must choose which memories and experiences to build upon, as the mind is a temple for the experience of one’s life that may unfold. Neurons, without experience that form memories are simply neurons, and to some extent must be assigned a function and a place in one’s mind through their interrelationships with other clusters and areas of the mind. It is the ability to consciously understand and relate these functions that may allow for stronger thought processes and patterns to arise.
Truth and false are no longer relevant, a structure either exists within a system of logic or it does not. If it does not, its structure then simply has been created by means outside of the system or with errors, especially those of objects that are encompassed or contained by others – similar to how parenthesis are used in symbolic logic. A system of logic may be consistent, but there is no way to say whether it is complete or not complete. Arguments for inconsistency, completeness, or incompleteness must be injected from outside the system of logic in those consistent on their own, though inconsistent systems of logic may exist. As with my ideas in cosmology, it may be possible to show that all observed physical phenomena are interrelated and arise from a single form of energy, though it is not possible to say whether there are other forms of physical phenomena that are not observable, exist outside our universe, or do not interact with the energy from which the phenomena arose within our universe.
In my system, there are simple objects, containing no others, being equivalent to the number 1 when considering quantity, denoted by a small black circle. There are complex objects that contain others in their circumference, denoted by a small white circle or a circle with other objects on its circumference. Encompassing any number of objects is similar to addition when considering quantity. Objects relate to or from one another, being similar to subtraction when considering quantity, thus the number zero is the relationship between two simple objects.
When considering space or geometry, the relationship between two simple objects, essentially points, is quantified, as the number 1, and other relationships are the result of circles constructed from this distance as the encompassing relationship. In space the relationship to and from an object is the same, though when considering quantity, the relationship to an object may differ from the relationship from the object.
When considering change, especially that in infinitesimal calculus, structures from both space or geometry and quantity may be considered, thus abstracting all of mathematics as a form of relational logic.
Trees may be constructed from the resulting relationships within a complex object as rings progressing “upward” containing those relationships as the relationships have been objectified as complex objects themselves, beginning first with a large circle or trunk containing all objects in consideration or any number of simple objects. The relationships formed are encompassing – containing all objects within another, sharing – two complex objects having similar objects in each, necessitating – a single object is neither present in both objects nor is it not present in either object but necessary for either object to exist, and separateness – the objects neither share or encompass other objects nor do any objects necessitate them.
Knowledge and Epistemology
The Dewey Decimal System and other library systems are inadequate; they are centered on the English and European languages, they devote excessive room to literature about warfare and the history of conflict, do not promote integration of subject matter, and do not have any sensibility in their organization.
I have devised two overlapping library systems that lend themselves to interrelationships of all subjects and each subject is irrespective of geographical location and historical periods, with history and geography being an aspect of epistemology or knowledge itself present in all other subjects.
The first system is a simplified version of the system, using 22 subjects that correspond to the fool’s journey in Tarot, Kabbalah, the Hebrew alphabet, and ideas in numerology that make interrelating subjects more easy, though the actual number of subjects is irrelevant and where each subject begins and ends is dependent on its definition. Each subject may relate to any other in the system, for example, Music may have a subsection of Architecture, in which concert halls have been included and vice-versa with Music being a subsection of Architecture with concert halls being included just the same. Subsections may continue for multiple levels.
The second, more advanced system relies on an categorization method that is similar to my ideas in logic, in which subjects are related by Encompassing, Necessitation, Sharing, Separateness, and with Similarities. The unknown exists outside the trunk, or first ring, in which everything has been encompassed by an underlying essence, followed by light, physics and chemistry, nature – including living things and the earth’s systems, the human body, the individual overlapping with society, the individual’s mind and all areas of thought, relationships, and all areas of culture including knowledge, economics, the arts and technology.
Intelligence is not a matter of the ability of a person - or a machine for that matter - to return a true statement given any question, as any person or machine can simply remember the answers to any question, but to understand how any given thing is different and similar to any another by understanding their interrelationships. The definitions used in the organizational model for knowledge may be useful for this. The mind is not separate from the body – there are many types of intelligence forming the various functions of the mind that rely on a physical body and are not conscious. Intelligence should reconcile all aspects of the human mind, not merely those in conscious thought, though many modalities of thought in consciousness exist.
As with light, the unknown should also be a subject itself to consider. The unknown is not knowledge itself, yet it exists just the same, perhaps more in how we approach what is unknown.
In the metaphysical sense, there is the discussion of whether nothing actually exists, or that the concept of nothing is actually a thing – as I have reconciled in my cosmological theories explaining that the vacuum of space is actually comprised of energy itself. Thoughts themselves are things, though one may not be able to experience them externally as they would something they can hear or see or touch. How then could one deny that additional senses exist that are not directly effected by ones surroundings, given the limitations of our own senses in comparison to other species? The powers of inner sight must then outweigh those of perception.
If we consider that all things must arise from a single essence as they may all be related to one another, other essences may exist that are unfamiliar to us or that may not have a tangible interaction with our known experience and universe. Other phenomena arising from the same essence may exist that we have not observed and our observations may account for less than a millionth of what may manifest itself from that essence. We may never know what the underlying essence of reality is and it is unlikely that one could observe it and demonstrate what it is empirically, thus it exists as only in the form of speculative metaphysical thought.
The empty dimensional space that allows for our reality to unfold – perhaps underlying the vacuum of space may itself be unique, and other empty stages may exist from which entirely different realities may arise. It is our approach to understanding these things – not our observation that we should extend our discussion of. In what manner do hints as to the underlying essence of our own reality and or other realities reveal themselves? This is perhaps most interesting in things that cannot be explained – coincidences, miracles, synchronicity, wonder, and so forth.
The Spiritual and Metaphysics
Other energies may be present in existence that to not interact with those physically observable or that demonstrate physical phenomena. Such energies may be nodal points of energy that interact at lengths different from those interactions observable through empirical methods – they may be smaller than those present in light. Light itself may be composed of nodes of energy interacting at a fundamental distance that gives our known reality its character. This underlying essence may cause all other phenomena to arise: electro-magnetism, the strong and weak forces, and gravity.
The underlying essence of reality may continue infinitely forever until there is a single distance of interaction between two nodes. We must deduce if this is the distance present in light, or if it continues indefinitely. In either case, other phenomena may exist that may not have been observed, as there are limitations present that result from our place in the universe and distance we can see. The interactions of nodes in space may occur synchronously and each effecting all others throughout existence.
Being is a form of knowing. When a person passes away, a process may exist in which the totality of their being outside of time and space is known to them, including all of their actions and the effects of them, becoming an intangible sphere existing without a physical body that possesses certain traits and potential, and can be likened to a form of character with the potential for influence on events and individuals living, as would be a god of war or goddess of love, though perhaps in a less powerful and more abstract way.
Souls may effect the living in many ways. A person’s actions may continue to effect others after they have died. Things a person has created or things others have created about them may effect others after they have died. The energy present in their life may influence those having similar paths, especially paths close to where a person’s life begins and where it ends.
Religion exists outside of truth and falsity, mediating between metaphysics, ethics, and epistemology as a part of culture that unifies all aspects of human life. Myth and ritual, as they comprise religion are essential for the wellbeing of a society and the individual, though no particular religion can be entirely right or wrong.
Negative aspects of religion include those of the special status of certain individuals above human beings, dogmatic beliefs and laws not resultant from ethical foundations and merely thought to be “the truth” or “a revelation of God”, the justification for the actions of members of groups over others, especially in regard to land, culture, and property. Any person can have mystical experiences, especially those that happen only once and do not repeat, as miracles, coincidences, and revelations. Every person can achieve some kind of oneness with the essence of the universe and its mysteries, synchronicities, and manifestations.
The idea of the Messiah in Jewish thought is complicated by many things. The messiah would not be unique in his understanding as a Jew or a man, and there will be others with his understanding; anyone must be able to come to his understanding; he would have to understand all myths, rituals, laws, and prophecies of the Jews and Abrahamic religions and what must change; he must understand what is right for the individual, what is right in how the individual relates to others and to groups, what is right in how groups relate to one another and to individuals, how individuals and groups relate to property, how groups and individuals relate to the earth and all forms of life, and what the rights are of other living things; his views may be synonymous with human rights; all other views especially the religious, spiritual or metaphysical, and ethical must be harmonized; aspects of existing religions may be meant to be forgotten; the physical work on earth must be completed; means would already exist to extend human life indefinitely and to cure all diseases; prevent famine and drought; provide shelter for all and universal infrastructure without labor, and for all to exist without weapons and the means to bring justice without physical harm would be in place.
Global society tends to organize itself around central groups or a central group. It is not a matter of ethnocentricity on behalf of those within the group who are not believers in such ideologies, but their ability to cope with being a member of a group that has borrowed from and influenced others around the world. People accepting of Jews recognize they do not proselytize and it is a matter of their choosing to belong, believing their beliefs are for themselves alone and do not effect others; those who are not accepting claim their beliefs lend them to belonging to a superior class or race, having additional rights that others do not. A recognition of both views is necessary to, and due in order to understand world history and human potential for reconciliation. A stronger world government is necessary to implement a one-state solution where integration exists in the Israel-Palestine conflict - or a world without boundaries and conflicts, and to secure peace throughout the Middle East.
The ultimate truth in what is right is not granted by any government, even those democratic, nor is it granted by any particular religion, but by the essence from which our universe had emerged, binding together the world and all its life forms and peoples. Buddha may have come the closest to understanding what rights are, and perhaps to the effects of a person's actions beyond their own life, though his revelation was not complete. Abrahamic religions are not based on rights, but on punishments for wrongdoings and restrictions on behavior to control people, though others may view them as rights they may give up in order to be chosen and serve a more righteous purpose.
The most important aspect of health is balance. Balance results in the body’s ability to utilize nutrients to its best ability in order to provide energy and fight infection, maintain levels of hormones needed in order to repair damages to cells, maintain neurological functioning, healthy heart and lung functioning, digestive and urinary functioning, and sexual functioning, as well as clear skin and slower aging.
Balance can accomplished through nutrition. People should not make avoid lists or lists of what to eat or what not to eat unless they have allergies, but make sure they have a balanced diet. The food pyramid is not a balanced diet and contains to many carbohydrates. Vegetables should account for a large part of the diet, with fruits high in sugar a lower part. Meat and dairy may not be necessary at all for a healthy body but neither are they as harmful to health as a diet high in sugar and carbohydrates without nutrients from fresh produce. Healthcare should focus more on measures that prevent illnesses, especially through the use of herbs and plants that can be prepared with meals. Water is especially important and adequate water intake should be accounted for.
Balance can be accomplished through behavior. This is not to say you should avoid certain activities or to have a daily routine, but to find the activities and the proper intervals and amounts of them that are right for your own body. This may include various forms of dance or exercise especially those that involve breathing, relaxation and sleep, sexual activity, and hygienic activity.
A system for movement should be cultivated that includes the range of all possible motion within the body. This may include aspects of yoga, tai chi, Pilates, dance, swimming or water activities, meditation, relaxation, and breathing exercises. The brain is part of the body and without a healthy body one’s mood will decline and behaviors will arise that are damaging to health.
Evolution does not necessarily entail the survival of species with the ability to defeat others in competition for food and what is needed for their survival, nor is it the survival of the species or members of a species that are selected more than others for their superior traits, but those species and members of the species most able to fulfill a role within the greater ecosystem and life on earth, being able to provide for other species through assisting them in reproduction and survival in a way that is beneficial to others as it is themselves without disrupting the natural order of things.
The human population should cultivate plants and other species, especially trees, to a great degree to help combat the effects of greenhouse gasses in our atmosphere and to help replenish our environment. Genetic engineering is an unnatural way to cultivate species and it is too new to understand the ecological effects it has. However it may prove useful in some areas, such as the biological design of living structures and cities. A reassessment of what pesticides and herbicides are used is in order and may include using less damaging means that are not as potent and refined. Stem cells should prove to be highly effective in treating many health ailments and diseases, and perhaps extending the life expectancy in the future.
Earth materials can be used for construction, especially for dwellings, from nearby materials, and there is no need to transport materials from elsewhere. Sustainable architecture should be preferable to forms of construction that use resources that are not easily replenished, such as wood and metal. Solar and wind energy can be integrated into neighborhoods and construction methods, perhaps with photovoltaic paint and roofing. Means of recycling that use less energy are in order, and may require that companies use universal packaging designs without labeling that can simply be washed and reused, rather than melted and remolded.
Only solar, wind, and water sources of energy are necessary to provide electricity, and the electric motor can be used for transportation with reduced effects on the environment, with the possibility of hydrogen fuel cells being safe with hydrogen produced using energy from these sources. Energy production should be seen in the same light that agriculture is - as harvesting a natural resource through farming.
Space and time are not separate from physical phenomena, but made of energy. It may be possible to show that all physical phenomena arise from a single form of energy having simple properties. Beginning with nodes, all nodes in the universe may be thought of as being on a single circle, divided into equal distances. These nodes then give rise to the three dimensions of space, coupling to one other node, rotating, and exchanging with adjacent nodes to form spheres and rings that give the impression of three dimensional space, thought of as occurring in synchronicity. Nodes do not move linearly in this model unless they are in a gravitational wave or part of a cosmic flow or expansion over a vast area, but only exchange with others in rotation. In order to be consistent and demonstrate that other forms of energy arise from this essence, they must rotate at the same speed at which light travels, as the speed of light outside a gravitational field is used as the fourth dimension, time in this model. The nodes couple at the Planck’s length, or that of the amplitude of a photon.
When an object with mass, is placed within this distribution of energy throughout space, rings will form around the object, particularly with spherical objects. The probability of interchanging with another node in a ring is multiplied towards the object by distance, and divided away from the object for a circular object in two dimensions. In three dimensions, the surface area of a sphere is used, or the probability of interacting in a ring and any other geodesic through that point, thus being squared for the surface area, demonstrating the inverse square law of Isaac Newton’s Universal Gravitation. The cosmological constant may be thought of as the rate of exchanges outside a gravitational field in the aether, or as 2pih/c2 giving rise to the gravitational constant, being squared again as (2pih)2/c4, being similar to the primary aspect of general relativity, 8piG/c4. Instead of a stress energy tensor, an energy-density-volume is used for the mass of the object, allowing for its exact size and density to be accounted for in relation to other particles and that of the aether. The other side of the equation containing the curvatures used with geodesic equations to determine trajectories may still be used, though it is thought of as the rate an object will be pushed towards another at a given distance rather than an actual curving of spacetime, with time being thought of as separate from space, and physically present in particles as the speed of light itself.
The speed of light outside a gravitational field is thought of as time in this model, and arising from the collision of two universes of aether alone, causing the nodes in the vacuum of space that had only rotational energy to travel linearly. Photons may be affected by the aether in small distances less than the Planck’s length outside a gravity wave or field, though between two points, the effect is averaged to be a straight line. In a gravitational field, light is pushed in towards the object with mass. Time will slow in a gravitational field as the rotations of nodes within objects or particles having mass will be within an area of more densely interchanging nodes of the aether and require more energy – the density of interchanges of nodes is greater than it would be outside the gravitational field. This pushes objects into one another and makes it more difficult for light to escape the gravitational field.
When an object approaches the speed of light it will either break into photons or time will appear to slow as light is the maximum speed or amount of energy, and energy is required both to move linearly and for an object with mass to exist. Additionally, the movement of the aether itself over larger areas makes variations in the speed of light impossible to detect, as they may be in the atmosphere or surrounding a planet. In essence, every object comprised of particles is itself a clock, and a clock is no different from any other object. The orbits of nodes around one another in particles can be likened to that of the hands of a clock, and where there is a gravitational field or where the object is travelling close to the speed of light, time will go slower. It may be hard to prove that time slows within objects travelling near the speed of light, as they will likely break apart and become photons before being slowed to where a detection can be determined.
It may be possible to show that all other particles arise from photons and their interaction with nodes in the aether. In this model, photons have either 2, 3, or 4 nodes, depending on what state they are in. Two nodes will rotate around another travelling linearly at the Planck’s length to create a waveform, each perpendicular to one another and beginning their orbit around the linear node 180 degrees in front and behind the center node. Nodes may break off and interact with other particles or form other particles, possibly with two nodes in such an interaction, and nodes may exchange with others within a wave ahead of them or behind, allowing for higher frequency waves to contain more energy and nodes, and lower frequency waves to contain less energy and fewer nodes. Light may be quantized as a single photon in this model, with each of its nodes interacting with other particles. Where there is a high enough energy density, two photons may collide and their components form W+ and W- Bosons with spins of 1, Z Bosons arising from the interactions of W+ and W- Bosons.
The positive components result from the linear nodes within the photons, and negative components from the rotational nodes within the photons. Neutral nodes may then sit between two orbiting nodes being absorbed from the aether and adding much greater mass. Two nodes may orbit another in the center, or orbit each other in this model, allowing for E=mc2 to hold true, as the total amount of energy is a volume-density resulting from the number of nodes and the distance they travel to give the impression of a volume, each particle having a different topology formed by the rotations and spin. The density also may refer to how the particle interacts with others and the aether given the number of and arrangement of nodes within its structure. Spins of ½ may arise from pairs of nodes within particles forming orbits perpendicular to one another, those perpendicular in orbit cancelling out half of the energy of the others, as would be the case in Quarks and Leptons. Two positive or negative nodes orbiting a third positive or negative node within a particle will add far less mass than two charged nodes orbiting a third neutral node from the aether in this model.
Light is in essence knowledge; everything we know and can experience in one way or another is an aspect of the energy found in light. Light is synonymous with truth. The sphere of light is also that of communications and will allow for all people on the earth to have access to all available knowledge without a physical connection to a telephone line. The telephone line is a thing of the past, and so may be that of the long distance electrical transmission line.
Solar energy and the photoelectric effect have a profound potential to transform our society from one that is dependent on forms of energy that will cause conflicts and damage to the earth to one that is highly abundant, requires little effort to maintain, and allows for the possibility of a society in which most intense labor and transportation is automated and performed by machines.
The study of light is itself a subject of its own, having metaphysical implications that cannot be arrived at through empirical means. The discussion of what light is should allow for great introspection and light should not be thought of as the ultimate essence of reality, but the most immediate and tangible manifestation of it.
Light in the spiritual sense has no color; one may say that it has no visual representation at all, but only the implication that all living beings arise from the energy present in light, and that light itself is what allows for there to be an existence in which a limitless number of its manifestations exist, rather than simply a distribution of energy that is all the same.