Copyright ©2001-2017 Marshall Rendina. All rights reserved.

Other Ways of Making Art

For a series of workshops or a two-part class:

Online Materials

I. Overview of Visual Art

Form and Space – Geometric Regions and Shapes, Coloring Regions, Divisions of Space

Optical Effects in Nature - Heat Waves, Mist, Rainbows, Gravitational Lensing

Gestures of Expression and Action - Abstraction

Perspective-Based - Combinations of Closed Eyes and Hands Used, R + L, Vanishing Point, Horizons, Angles, Object Sizes, Depth, Realism

Perception-Oriented Effects – Retinal Fatigue, Foreground-Background, Bending, Filling in Missing Spaces – See Mind Section

Units and Strokes – Display Units and Methods, Resolution, Pointillism, Style, Strokes, Impressionism

Symbols, Dreams, Surreal Effects - Combination, Variation, Alteration, Metamorphosis, Juxtaposition, Imaginative - See Alchemy Processes

Thought and Judgment-Based Concepts - Insertion of Monologues or Notes about the Piece

Spiritual and Intuitive - Without Form or Explanation

Multiple-Perspective and Shared Perspective - Venn-Diagram-Like

Microcosm and Macrocosm, Unending Microcosms

Exercises: Tracing Edges without Looking at Paper, Eyes Closed in Left and Right Combinations and Hands Used, Drawing with both Eyes Closed, Drawing with Both Hands, Continuous Motion, Points of Intersection

Project: A Work Based on a Single Layer
Project: A Work Based on Multiple Layers
Project: Writing Aesthetic Thoughts on Each of the Layers or Areas


II: Music

Music to Drawing Types - Limit to Circular Area, Left to Right Reading, Mixed Organization, Unbounded, With Elevation, With Symbols and Glyphs, With Inserted Images, With Inserted Textures and Surfaces, Organization of Rhythm and Time in Two Dimensions, Painting Music – Synchromism, Kandinsky, Others

Pitch Spaces – Assignment of pitch to points in geometric space, adjacent chords with shared vertices, representation and relationships of pitch, frequency and harmonic overtones to spatial location in hearing, pitch as distance from center in concentric circle, circles of intervals, using multiple circles to represent pitch relationships in polyphonic texture or multiple timbres, combined and adjacent polygons and lines of pitches to create layouts with reflecting points and lines based on harmony of the pitches, transformations of shapes, using squares, using lines and curves, using points only, using 3D objects

Color-Harmony, Dissonance and Consonance - Intervallic and Triadic – setting interval relationships to color relationships, assignments of third notes in triads, using the color wheel with triads, creating color sonorities with extended chords, subjective associations, individual pitch-color subjective associations

Timbre Symbols, Glyphs, and Shapes – use only a monophonic piece or choose most important notes as a centered and changing visual symbol or image, one image per important note, measure, or beat, using melody only if suitable as an impression of changing sound, shapes based on overtones – flutes as circles, horns as stellated points, floral types, line contours as straight, curved or wavy, and jagged or angular, consider Lissajous figures and Chladni Plates

Texture Layouts, Mosaic or Textile Designs – Basic layouts as shape-relationships to fill area - each instrument, timbre, or melody line is a shape or geometric element such as a line or circle – pitch is associated with changing locations, loudness by overall area occupied by the shape, harmony as color-relationships of pitches, polyphonic texture as an overall visual pattern – using mosaics, tiles, weavings, tapestries, kaleidoscopes – pitches and harmony create layout based on intervals in polyphony with pitches mirrored to form symmetries, and intervals determining distances of reflecting lines

Layout of Forms – Use phrase beginnings and ends to create connecting points for visual music key frames, sections have overall thematic designs or types.

Dynamics and Light/Dark Balance – Space occupied changes – the envelope may be expressed by a point in a polygon moving to change its shape or overall area in a note, loudness expressed as overall size of objects, overall intensity of color

Rhythm and Change – 2D Time Organization, Moving Images and Organization, Moving Points, Altering Curves and Lines, Moving Objects, Polygonal Transformation, Combination, Breaking Apart, Metamorphosis, Overlays

Aspects of Music For the Creation of Visual Interpretations or Scores:

Other Subjects and Spheres, Micro-Macro Relationships

Group and Subjective Experiences

The Spiritual and Intuitive

Thoughts, Judgments, Concepts, Philosophy

Imagination, Symbols, Archetypes, Motifs

Melody, Harmony, Texture, Timbre and Technique, Rhythm, Dynamics, Form

Impression of Sound

Improvisation and Expression

Perception and Effects

Perspective, Venue, Location of Sound

Sound Source, Acoustical Phenomena in Nature

Project: Create a Painting or Drawing from a Piece of Music
Project: Create a Two Dimensional Work for Musical Interpretation
Project: Create a Video with Correspondence to Music Elements


III: Language

Phonetic Visual Alphabets, Abjads, Abugidas, Syllabaries, Featural Notation

Picture Words and Word-Symbols – Logography, Pictograms

Picture Phrases and Phrase-Symbols - Ideograms

Use of Words in Pictures, Pictures Made from Words

Glyphs as Brush and Pen Strokes in Scenes

Combining Letters to Create Visual Meaning and Effects

Combining Words to Create New Meanings and Visual Meaning

Combining Phrases to Create Visual Meaning

Palindromes and the Visual

Typographical Style

Relationship of Alphabets to Phonemes

Project: Creating a text-based or glyph-based image
Project: Creating a visual symbol
Project: Creating a phonetic alphabet


IV: Communication and Intermedia Space

Interactive Media, Inputs, Outputs, and Feedback

The Communications Model and Social Media

A Personal Advertisement, Solicitation or Message

Searches, Spying, and Clairvoyance: The Crystal Ball as Metaphor for Media Spaces, Ideas about Privacy and Espionage

A Menu and Title “Heaven Trigrams”: Minimal Design Aesthetics, The Idea of Relevancy

Suggestions and Outside Opinions

Favorites: Conceptual Works Involving Collections of Content, Developing an Archive of Reference Material, and of One’s Own Work

Comments - The Experts Weigh In, Participation in Works

A Pop Up Window: The Ineffectiveness of Intrusive and Warning Messages and Confrontation, Finding Resolve in Group Experiences

A Virus: What Makes Something Viral?

Political Spam: The Impersonal, The Anonymous – Works Without Known Authorship, Negating Manipulative Messages Aimed at Large Audiences

A Conspiracy: Validations of Information, Truth vs. Belief in Communication, The Acceptance of Beliefs

A Dating Profile: Selfies, The Mirror in Communication

A Person Speaks on Behalf of Others: The Individual and Identity, Subjection to Overwhelming Conflict of Opinion, The Importance of Speaking for Yourself Only

Project: Realization of any of the topics as a work of art.

Project: Squares Containing Small Pieces to be Played as a Collage Interactively with Collaboration

Project: Participation in an Art Event from More than One Location, Creating a Collaborative Work from Two Places at Once, An Assembly of in a Circle in Multiple Locations

V: Architecture

Civic Art - Sidewalks, Benches, Outdoor Staircases, Sculpture Gardens

Murals, Wall Paintings and Wall Drawings For Execution by Instruction

Kinetic Sculptures, Using Wind, Water, Solar Energy

Outdoor Walls or Barrier Sculptures - Fences, Beautification and Aesthetics in the City

Individual Art Experiences in Rooms of a House or Building - Action Art in Rooms, Rooms as Unique Scenes, Containing Outdoor Elements

Movable Display Surfaces - Gallery Layouts as Active Art Forms, A Rearrangeable Knights Tour Art Museum

Sculptural Building Blocks, Small Outdoor Structures, Topological Surfaces Used as Units in Construction

Cave Art – Primitivism and Interior Painting, Forms of Shelter Without Construction

Geodesic Domes – Platonic Solids and The Icosahedron, Other Types of Domes

Outdoor Stages and Theatres

A Model Eco-Village – Design for Population 150

Windows, Doors, Staircases, Elevators, Furniture – Architectural Elements in Installations and Stage, Performance

Porches, Balcones, and Overlooks, Scenic Views

Project: Painting an Interior Room as Outdoor or Exterior World
Project: Painting an Outdoor Surface that Changes with Perspective
Project: Constructing a Model for an Architectural Structure


VI: Transportation

Parades and Floats – Visual Information that Moves

On Foot – Walking or Running and Drawing, Track and Field-like Events, Using Motion to Create Visual Art

On Bicycles or Skateboards – Half Pipes and Bowls, Paths of Color from Wheels, Painting Bicycles and Other non-Motorized Vehicles

In Cars – Street Designs and Paintings, Artwork from Tire Tracks, Events, Filming in a Moving Vehicle, Painting Cars Themselves, Cars as Sculptures

Boat Art – On the Surface of Water, Synchronized Swimming-like, Sailing Events, Painting Boats, Boats as Sculptures

Underwater Art and Sculptures

Aerial Art - Banners, Skywriting, and Aerial Photos

Train Art – Railroad Art, Subway Art, Moving Images in Tunnels and on Walls

Using a Model Train or Model Cars in Installations

Using Drones or Helicopters for Filming

Tunnels, Walls, and Bridges, and Signage

Using Maps and GPS

Project: A Participatory Work or Installation to Be Created Using One of the Ideas
Project: Creating Two Dimensional Images Based on Concepts
Project: Using Video and Transportation


VII: Culture

Retaining

Forgetting and Changing

Prevention of Use

Allowing for Use

Rejection, Indifference, Ignorance Of Others

Use of Others

Preventing Others from Using Own

Allowing Others to Use Own Only

Kitsch and Loss of Quality

Innovation and Improvement

Misunderstandings and Failure to Integrate (resolving segregations from either point of view)

Understanding and Successful Integration (with totality of culture available)

Group Project: Each Person Embodies an Attitude Towards Culture and is Given an Artifact or Technique in the Collaborative Work

Work is Created in a Circle

Discussion of End Result

Use Developed Culture for Subsequent Projects (Generations)


VIII: Economy

Selling Out, Compromises

The Notion of Fairness in Trade and Commerce – Art and Crafts, Textiles

Wealth and Poverty – The Range of Activities, Limited Means, Symbols of Status

Communities in the Global Economy – Interrelationships and Competition

Integration of Free and Social Organization

The Value of Art, Art Market

Microcurrencies – The Limitations of Money, Economic Unions

The Labor Hour – 1 Hour Work, Minimum Wage

Open Design Economies and Solutions – Transportation, Communication, Architecture, Packaging and Production, Free Art

Towards a Free Infrastructure That is Sustainable (public cars, trains, free energy, free internet/phone)

Models of Efficient On-Demand Production (Waste-Free)

The Reuse of Packaging for Commodities – Energy Reduced Recycling – Participation by Companies in Logoless or Universal Package Designs

The End of Work – Full Automation – Abundance vs. Rationing, A Work-Less Economy

Project: Creating a 1-Hour Work for Trade with Another Artist
Project: Create a model or design realization from the list
Project: Designing a monetary unit or micro-currency bill or coin


IX: The Individual

Allowing Trust in One Another

Renunciation of the Ego to Achieve a Common Result – Collaborative Work

Learning One’s Benefit to Others – Contributions

Realizing One’s Abilities and the Power they Hold

Alchemy Process of Resolving Conflicts in the Self

Recognizing Projections of Unknown Parts of the Self or Shadows Onto Others

Healing Dissonances (Calcination, Dissolution, Separation, Conjunction, Fermentation, Distillation, Coagulation, Others)

The Combined Objects

Developing Strength after Healing Dissonances

The Individuation Process

Freeing Oneself of Possessions of Social Ideals – Group Ownership of Culture, Land

Freeing One’s Identification with Acts of Others, Possession of Things Not Immediately Theirs, Complexes Arising from Family, Ethnicity, Sex, Class

Allowing for All Culture to Belong to Oneself (Integration of the Sum of Available Cultures within the Individual)

Becoming Individual (Awareness of What is Possible and Available)

Realizing the Potential (Action without Fear)

Project: Trusting and Being of Benefit
Project: Alchemy Process and Healing
Project: Integration of Others and Self
Project: Realization of Potential


X: Love and Sex

Phallic and Vaginal Symbols in Art

The Idealization of the Body in Art, Masculine and Feminine Forms

Transgenderism in the Avant-Garde and Media Art, Two-Spirits, Hijras

Homosexuality in Art, Feminism in Art, Roles and Changes, Social Expectations

Tantra, Taoism, and Mysticism in Art

Dedications, Mutual Friendship Works and Exchanges

Gestures of Affection in Art

Movement and Partners

Collaborative Pieces, Back and forth Exchanges, Conversation Pieces

Stare into Each Other’s Eyes without Looking Away

Stare into Each Other’s Mind’s With Eyes Closed

Project: Creating a conversation piece with back and forth collaboration.
Project: Create an exchange work without collaboration.


XI: Society

A meditation on direct democracy

One’s own network and community of around 150

Degrees of connection outside one’s own network

Art in the local area (population of around 22,500) – Public Works

Reaction to State-Organization – Collages

Reaction to Nationalism (outside of a geographical area) – Collages

Reaction to Globalization – Collages

Style in the Global Age – local, regional, global

The Role of the Artist in Society:

As Magician, Healer, and Shaman

As Hermit, Rogue, Dissenter

As Fool, Jester, Prophet

Project: create a socially-oriented work with collected materials; newspaper clippings, photographs, found objects as a collage, in reaction to global social organization

Project: create a work of community art that is protective from the influence of larger organizations, and supportive of immediate relationships

Project: Finding a role as an artist: dissent, healing, and revelation


XII: Ethics

Conflicting views - where do rights come from?

Rights – a meditation on what is due – rightness preceding wrongdoing, restrictions arising from rights being crossed

Visualize Something You Wouldn’t Normally Say in Conversation (Freeing Oneself of Moral Consequences of Expression, Without Effecting Others Negatively)

Fundamental Rights of the Individual Necessary for Equality

Rights of Relationships in Society, Association and Non-Association

Rights to Ownership of What One Needs, Implication of Limitations and Sharing Resources

Rights of Other Living Things and Nature

Justice – the individual and equality (potential and opportunity vs. actuality)

Judgment of others (in art) and of the self (responsibility for being just in society, and when it is right to judge)

Justice for violations of an individual’s rights (violence, rape)

Justice for Violations of Rights to Relationships in Society (segregation, isolation)

Justice for Economic Violations (unfairness, white collar, theft)

Justice in Environmental and Living Things (destruction of the environment, animal rights)

Project: Freely expressing one’s rights, using truthful information, that are being encroached without blame or externalization

Project: Active, not passive or in-your-face signage or informational campaigns for resolution and justice – group realization of projects

Project: Freeing the individual from identification with the acts of others, things outside immediate possession


XIII: The Mind

Dreams and the Subconscious

Archetypes and Symbols

Meditation and Visualization – Outdoors

Hypnosis and the Visual

The Cognitive, Thoughts, Judgments

The Spiritual and Intuitive

Optical Illusions and Perceptual Effects:

Moiré Patterns, Line Patterns, Bending Straight Lines, Grouping Illusions
Depth Perception and Illusions
Retinal Fatigue and Afterimages, Irradiation Effects
Color-Background Images and Effects
Stereo Vision L + R as Independent Channels
Irrational Figures, Architecture, and Shapes
Spatial, Angular, and Length Distortions – Equal Objects with Varying External Cues
Illusions of Continuity, Closure Figures
Reversible Figures, Cubes, Circles, Staircases, Figure-Ground Based
Helicopter and Fan Time-Based Effects
Spirals and Rotation, Distance-Based Rotation

Space, Vision, the Kinesthetic, and Hearing – Outdoors

Viewing Materials Chosen from Each Category:

Eyes Closed – Focus Between Eyes – Internal Visualization – Internal Silence – Automatic Visualization

Eyes Open – Visualization Stimuli – Yantra, Points of Light – Internal Silence, Visualizations Present, Following an Object or Two Objects

Alternating Eyes Opened with Head Movement, Slits Between Fingers

Focus Inside and Outside a Ring Using Fingers, Moving Towards and Away from Eyes

Project: Create a two dimensional image from one of the concepts
Project: Investigate an unexplored aspect of visual perception
Project: Create an image from a dream or for a guided visual meditation

XIV: Logic-Based Organization and Form

The Trunk of the Tree (containing material to be developed – images, colors, forms)
Material is divided into branches using rings and altered in each successive reiteration, alterations use logical arguments. The material is divided based on the relationships of the starting objects and what they share. The final branches should be relatively similar material that has been uniformly altered.

Simple Objects and Starting Points, Complex Objects Containing Others, Relationships to and From Objects, Relationships as Objects

Truth and Falsity – Finding Relationships Among the Starting Material: Ask a question to determine whether object satisfies yes or no

Is Falsity Necessary for Completeness in a Consistent System, or must it come from Elsewhere?

Otherness – Encompassing, Separateness, Necessitating, Sharing, Similarities, Causation, Synchronicity

For All, Existing – Determining What Material is to Be Changed: Single or no instances of a thing, as well as everything altogether

And, Or, Not – The Conditions, methods of combining materials into branches

If, Else, Do, While, For – Methods of alteration meeting conditions

Less, Greater, Equal – The Alterations

Project: Begin with a collection of visual materials and work by hand only
Project: Begin with a folder of images and use color and raster-based effects
Project: Begin with a collection of Illustrator objects using paths and Bezier Curves
Project: Create a work that changes each time it is viewed or with interaction


XV: Knowledge

The Idea of Truth in Art

Untruthful Art - Plagiarisms, Pseudepigrapha, Uncredited

Believable

Unbelievable

Justifiable, Verifications of Author, Appropriations

Unjustifiable

Categorizations of Works, Movements, and Genres

Using the “On the Art of Everything” Conceptual Process:

Choosing Categories

Following the Loops

Noting the Overlaps and Connections

Reaching the End of the Process – With Connections Known (Having Gathered More Knowledge)

Developing Patterns and Directions of Thought

Integrating What is Learned

Project: Discussion of truth, belief, and justification
Project: Use the conceptual process to develop an idea for a work
Project: Simple realization of project


XVI: The Unknown

Mystery Art – Hidden, Painted Over, Erased, Deteriorated

Absolute Art – Experiences and Events Alone Without Creation

Intangible Art – Too Widely Varied or Great in Scope Without a Definite Space or Timeframe

Uncertainty, Moment’s Notice – Unknown Concept Beforehand to be Realized

Incomprehensible Art – Dense Imagery, Hyper-Complexity

Naïve Art – Disability, Lack of Training

Strange Art and Unfamiliar Art – Outsider Art, Isolated Cultures

Absurd Art, Shocking Art

Enigmatic Art, Novels with a Key, Secrets

Unknown Materials to Performer or Participant

Blindness, Revelation

Mystery Religion Imagery

Synchronicity and Coincidence

Project: Create a hidden work or work with hidden aspects
Project: Create a concept unknown before hand to be realized
Project: Create a concept too great in scope for ultimate completion and realization


XVII: The Spiritual

Use of the Sephirot in Art, Kabbalistic Art

The Infinite Light and Seed Sound, Points of Light

Worlds Before the Formation of The Physical, The Creation of Light

The Absolute, Prima Materia, Philosophical Mercury

Arcane Diagrams, Alchemical Symbols

Channeling Art – stream of consciousness drawings

Unbounded Art – without form or time limitations – scattered or freely moving art

Eternal Art – stone and earth art, conceptual

Divination Systems – I Ching, Tarot, Geomancy

Hypnosis, Altered States, Transcendental States

Shamanistic States, Higher and Lower Worlds

ESP, Clairvoyance, Precognition

Meditation – Zen, dissolution of thought into the absolute, suchness, guided visualization

Dreams – symbols as motifs, free association

Growth of the Soul – The Soul as Sphere, Through Souls and Involvement of Others

Stages of the Soul – before, during, and after life, the self, partners, friends, others, souls becoming a person, influence of souls on a person, soul becoming a sphere after death

Project: Tapping into the Mystical in Art, Altered States, The Prima Materia
Project: Channeling, Stream of Consciousness, and Use of Divination
Project: The Idea of the Soul in Art, Eternal and Unbounded Art


XVIII: Religion

Comparison of Religions: Abrahamic, Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Zen, Tibetan, Shamanism, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Mesoamerican

Myth in Art, Symbolic Origins, Choice of Symbolism

Myths of Origin and History

Mythological Figures and Places

Mythological Events, Miracles, Encounters with God, Angels

Myth and Moral-Making, Controlling Behavior, Ethical Justifications

Myths of Death, Afterlife, End of Days

Rituals in Art – regular events, depictions, objects used

Week-Based, Daily Rituals, Monthly, Calendars

Holidays and Yearly Observances, Solstices and Equinoxes

Rites of Passage into Adulthood (Before 30s – puberty, death of grandparents, Saturn return)

Rites of Adulthood (marriage, childbirth, second return)

Rites of Old Age (death of parents, retirement from work, death)

Project: Myth-making – A New Genesis or Apocalyptic Revelation
Project: A New Festival or Ritual
Project: A Rite of Passage


XIX: The Body

Hand Gestures, Mudras, Sign Language

Hand Masks and Symbolism

Gesture-Dances (Moving) Motion Line-Tracing

Symbol-Poses (Still) Representations of Meaning

Stretching, Extensions of Abilities, Hand Spans, Using Two Hands at Once

Endurance Based – Lengths of Activity in Creation of Works

Breathing and Heart Rate – Deep Breathing, Timed, Varying, with Action in Creation, Motion

Art on the Body – Piercings, Body Painting, Action-Based

Sitting, Standing, Walking, and Running – Using Shoes or Body with Paint

The Teeth and Bones – Symbolism and Use

Muscles and Skin – Aesthetics in Body Image, Idealizations, Historical

Organ Systems – Kidneys, Adrenal, Lymphatic, Endocrine, Use of Bodily Fluids

Project: Creating a Symbolic “Alphabet” from Poses
Project: A Short Gesture Dance
Project: Symbolic Exploration of an Anatomical Process or Part


XX: Nature

Glyphs in Landscapes

Butterflies, Dragonflies

Falling Water, Reflections of Light off of Water

Fish and Symbolism

Feathers, Birds, Bird Nests, Birdcages

Serpents and Symbolism

The Sun’s Rays

Clouds, Atmosphere, Magic in the Sky Above

Mammals

Arboretum and Trees, Branches and Bark

Botanical Gardens and Designs

Rivers, Ocean, and Currents

Project: creating a work from gathered materials – bark, leaves, stems, grasses, flowers, stones

Project: create a 2D image developing technique influenced by behavior of living things and nature

Project: using the behavior of living things as source material – create a performance work to be realized outdoors or in a botanical garden – for example, the growth of a tree as movement


XXI: Cosmic Art

The Weaving of the Fabric of Space: Using Multiple Lines Simultaneously, Constructing Spaces, Designated Spaces with Effects or Experiences, The Underlying Essence or Aether, Chaos

The Conception of Light: Representations of Beams, Waves, Colors, Models for Light, Using Colored Points and Circles, Reflection, Refraction, Diffraction, Projection

The Appearance of Matter: Conception of Energy as Object, Using Lines Implying Motion Only to Represent Objects, The Transient Nature of Objects

The Basis of Mass: Matter within Space, Interaction of Space and Object, Figure-Ground Effects and Negative Spaces Created, Sizes of Objects and their Visual Weight – Composing Scenes with Planets, Stars, Moons, Galaxies, Black Holes

Magnetic Fields: Visual Conception of Invisible Fields, Using Magnets to Create Art, Energy Lines Surrounding Objects, Directional Lines

Gravity: Using the Effects of Gravity to Produce Art, Bouncing Objects, Falling Objects, Depictions of Motion in Two Dimensions, Motion Blur, Simultaneity

Formation of Atoms: The Conception of Units to Construct Images – Circles, Squares, Points, Dots, Triangles, Strokes, Pencil Marks

Aether Effects: Waves, Ripples, Gravitational Lensing, and Light Effects

Universes Colliding: Cosmic Conceptions of the Beginning, Cosmological Scenes, Origins, Genesis

Spins: Using Spinning Objects, Tops and Coins, Using Multiple “Zoetropes” in Videos, Using the Centrifugal Force, Rotation, Circular and Repeating Forms

Electrical Charge: Binding Together Objects, The Idea of Balance in Composition

Using Timelines and Time-Based Considerations

Projects: On Paper - Using Techniques to Produce a Balanced Composition
With Action - Painting Using Physical Motion as Described in these Techniques
With Video – Capturing any of the Effects of Physical Motion


XXII: Light

Three Color Vision, Photochemical Process, Anatomy in Detail

The Photoelectric and Photovoltaic Effects, Electromagnetism

Color Mixing Overview, Additive and Subtractive Color, Interaction of Color Overview

Meditation:

Points of Light in a Ring

Points of Light in Rings Tunnel Inward

Shifting Regions of Color Diffused Over Areas

A Dark Circle Surrounded by Points of Light in a Bounded Box

Rings Emitted Outward From Heart Transverse World Around (Circles Project Outward Horizontally from an Elevation Above the Earth’s Surface, Then Encompassing It)

Light and Alchemy:

Circles of Color Tunneling Inward to a Point

A Line or Circle of Rings – Overlapping Colors

Rings Pulling Inward Towards a Center Point (Becoming a Circle)

Two Objects Surrounded by Mutually Shared Rings of Color (As Auras or Fields)

Project: Use these guidelines in a painting or drawing, or within a process alluding to something metaphysical

Project: An exploration of an optical effect such as refraction, diffraction, reflection, or projection using light itself

Project: Explore light as it relates to color and vision