Copyright ©2001-2019 Marshall Rendina. All rights reserved.

Other Ways of Making Music

For a series of workshops or a two-part class:

Online Materials

I: Music Overview

Other Subjects and Spheres, Micro-Macro Relationships

Group and Subjective Experiences

The Spiritual

Thoughts, Judgments, Concepts, Philosophy

Imagination, Symbols, Archetypes, Motifs

Impression of Sound

Improvisation and Expression

Perception and Effects

Perspective, Venue, Location of Sound

Sound Source, Acoustical Phenomena in Nature

Melody, Harmony, Texture, Timbre and Technique, Rhythm, Form

Project: A short piece using one of the layers or approaches.
Project: A piece using multiple layers or approaches.
Project: Writing down aesthetic thoughts on each of these areas to form a unique approach.

II: Visual Aspects

For Use in Scores and Musical Interpretation:

Form and Space – Timbre-Shapes, Geometric Regions and Shapes, Coloring Regions in Patterns or in Colors, Divisions of Spaces

Optical Effects in Nature - Heat Waves, Mist, Rainbows, Gravitational Lensing

Gestures of Expression and Action, Abstraction

Perspective-Based - Combinations of Closed Eyes and Hands Used R + L, Vanishing Point, Horizons, Angles, Object Sizes, Depth, Realism

Perception-Oriented Effects In Scores and Representations, Correspondences to Auditory Effects – See Mind Section

Units and Strokes – Impressions of Images and Sounds - Display Units and Methods, Resolution, Pointillism, Style, Articulation

Surreal Effects - Symbolic Motifs, Combination, Variation, Alteration – Metamorphosis, Juxtaposition, Imaginative, Myth and Magic - See Alchemy Processes

Thought and Judgment-Based Concepts (Insertion of Monologues about the Piece)

Spiritual and Intangible (Without form or Explanation)

Multiple-Perspective and Shared Perspective (Venn-Diagram-Like)

Microcosm and Macrocosm (Unending Microcosms)

Exercises: Tracing Edges without Looking at Paper, Eyes Closed in Left and Right Combinations and Hands Used, Drawing with both Eyes Closed, Drawing with Both Hands or Feet, Continuous Motion, Points of Intersection, Use in Scores

The Visualization of Music

Music to Drawing Types - Limit to Circular Area, Left to Right Reading, Mixed Organization, Unbounded, With Elevation, With Symbols and Glyphs, With Inserted Images, With Inserted Textures and Surfaces, Organization of Rhythm and Time in Two Dimensions, Painting Music – Synchromism, Kandinsky, Others

Pitch Spaces – Assignment of pitch to points in geometric space, adjacent chords with shared vertices, representation and relationships of pitch, frequency and harmonic overtones to spatial location in hearing, pitch as distance from center in concentric circle, circles of intervals, using multiple circles to represent pitch relationships in polyphonic texture or multiple timbres, combined and adjacent polygons and lines of pitches to create layouts with reflecting points and lines based on harmony of the pitches, transformations of shapes, using squares, using lines and curves, using points only, using 3D objects

Color-Harmony, Dissonance and Consonance - Intervallic and Triadic – setting interval relationships to color relationships, assignments of third notes in triads, using the color wheel with triads, creating color sonorities with extended chords, subjective associations, individual pitch-color subjective associations

Timbre Symbols, Glyphs, and Shapes – use only a monophonic piece or choose most important notes as a centered and changing visual symbol or image, one image per important note, measure, or beat, using melody only if suitable as an impression of changing sound, shapes based on overtones – flutes as circles, horns as stellated points, floral types, line contours as straight, curved or wavy, and jagged or angular, consider Lissajous figures and Chladni Plates

Texture Layouts, Mosaic or Textile Designs – Basic layouts as shape-relationships to fill area - each instrument, timbre, or melody line is a shape or geometric element such as a line or circle – pitch is associated with changing locations, loudness by overall area occupied by the shape, harmony as color-relationships of pitches, polyphonic texture as an overall visual pattern – using mosaics, tiles, weavings, tapestries, kaleidoscopes – pitches and harmony create layout based on intervals in polyphony with pitches mirrored to form symmetries, and intervals determining distances of reflecting lines

Layout of Forms – Use phrase beginnings and ends to create connecting points for visual music key frames, sections have overall thematic designs or types.

Dynamics and Light/Dark Balance – Space occupied changes – the envelope may be expressed by a point in a polygon moving to change its shape or overall area in a note, loudness expressed as overall size of objects, overall intensity of color

Rhythm and Change – 2D Time Organization, Moving Images and Organization, Moving Points, Altering Curves and Lines, Moving Objects, Polygonal Transformation, Combination, Breaking Apart, Metamorphosis, Overlays

Project: Create a visualization of music using one of the ideas.
Project: Create a graphic score using ideas from one of the layers.
Project: Create a score for a moving or still image.

III: Language

The International Phonetic Alphabet

Word Lists and Phrase Lists

Two Different Phrases in Unison

A Retrograde Phrase

A Palindrome

Two Phrases in Hocket, Unison, and Both

Words in Hockets, Unison, and Both

Phonemes in Hockets, Unison, and Both

Whistle and Sing, Using Nostrils

Changing the Harmonic Overtones with Shape of Mouth

Vocoders and Phase Vocoders

Types of Speech Synthesis

Project: Use Recorded Phonemes Only in a Piece, Rearranging the Sounds
Project: Altering the Overtones in Singing, Create a Piece of Music
Project: Alternate Between Hocket and Unison Performing a Varying Poly-Mono Texture

IV: Communication

Interactive Media, Inputs, Outputs, and Feedback

The Communications Model and Social Media

A Personal Advertisement, Solicitation, Message, or Service Announcement

Searches, Spying, and Clairvoyance – The Idea of Privacy, Tests of ESP

A Menu and Title “Heaven Trigrams” – Organizing Material

Suggestions – Outside Opinions

Favorites – Archiving Music

Comments – The Idea of an Expert

A Pop Up Window – Intrusive Direct Messages

What Makes Something Viral?

Political Spam – Impersonal and Anonymous Messages

A Conspiracy – Validations

A Dating Profile – Selfies and Identity

A Person Speaks on Behalf of Others – The Importance of Remaining an Individual

Project: Squares Containing Small Pieces to be Played as a Collage Interactively in Collaboration with Others

Project: Multi-Location Interactive Performance With Live Streams

Project: Ringtone Pieces for Performance in a Single Room or in Multiple Locations

V: Architecture

Bell Towers, Central and Key Sounds in the Sonic Environment

Pipe Organs and Instruments Built into Architecture

Wind Chimes and Kinetic Sculptures

Resonant Cylinders for Walls and Fences

Use of Rain, Tides, and Wind in Sound Sculptures

Individual Acoustic Experiences in Rooms of a House or Building, In Recording

Movable Speakers and Sound Sources, Multiple Sound Sources in Room

Speaker and Sound Source Distributions and Topologies

Geodesic Domes and Spherical Interiors – Stockhausen’s Expo

Amphitheaters, Reverb, and Sound Quality

Cave Music, Echoes

Natural Amphitheaters, Eco-Villages, Outdoor Performances

Effects and Use of Windows, Doors, Staircases, Elevators, Furniture

Sound On Porches, Balcones, and Overlooks

Project: A Multi-Room Performance and Recording
Project: Instruments as Part of Structures
Project: Structures as Instrument

VI: Transportation

On Foot, Portable Stereos and Music Players

On a Bicycle, Cart, or Other Vehicle without Motorization

Cars, Various Horn Types, Music Dependent on Locations

On Racetracks and Sports Events, Cued by Passing Participants

Sources Attached to a Drone or Flying Object

Aerial Music – Sonic Booms

Underwater Music – Sonar, Marine Mammals, Pitch Effects

Acoustic Mirrors – Predecessors of Radar, Listening Devices

Train Music – Railroad Songs, Influence of Rhythms, Sources Attached to Model Trains

Boat Music – Fog Horns

Rotating Sound Sources or Sirens, Doppler Effects

Effects of Environmental Noise

Using Maps and GPS

Project: Using Recorded Sound with Moving Sources
Project: Impression of Moving Sound as Notated Music
Project: Lessening the Impact of Environmental Noise

VII: Culture


Forgetting and Changing

Prevention of Use

Allowing for Use

Rejection, Indifference, Ignorance Of Others

Use of Others

Preventing Others from Using Own

Allowing Others to Use Own Only

Kitsch and Loss of Quality

Innovation and Improvement

Misunderstandings and Failure to Integrate (resolving segregations from either point of view)

Understanding and Successful Integration (with totality of culture available)


Each person is given an instrument, transcription, and attitude towards culture.

The Work is Created in a Circle

Discussion of Result

Use Culture Developed for Subsequent Performances or Movements (Generations)

VIII: Economy

Selling Out, Compromises

The Notion of Fairness in Trade and Commerce

Wealth and Poverty – The Range of Economic Activities, Limited Means

Communities in the Global Economy – Interrelationships and Competition

Integration of Free and Social Organization

Microcurrencies – The Limitations of Money, Economic Unions

The Labor Hour and Minimum Wage

Open Design Economies and Solutions to Problems – Transportation, Communication, Architecture, Packaging and Production

A Model of Licensing with Sharing, Modification, and Free Use in Non-Commercial, Commercial, and in Private, allowing for Compensation by Sites and Media Infrastructure to Originators regardless of what Channel or who Shared the Content

Towards a Free Infrastructure That is Sustainable (public cars, trains, free energy, free internet/phone)

Models of Efficient On-Demand Production (Waste-Free)

The Reuse of Packaging for Commodities – Energy Reduced Recycling – Participation by Companies in Logoless or Universal Package Designs

The End of Work – Full Automation – Abundance vs. Rationing, A Work-Less Economy

Project: Creating a 1-Hour Recording for Trade with Another Musician or Group
Project: Use a concept from the list in the context of a theme for a music project.
Project: A discussion of sharing, compensation, and performance.

IX: The Individual

Allowing for Trust in One Another

Renunciation of the Ego to Achieve a Common Result with Others

Learning One’s Benefit to Others through their Contributions

Recognizing One’s True Abilities and the Power they Hold

Alchemy Process of Resolving Dissonances in the Self

Recognizing Projections of Unknown Parts of the Self or Shadows Onto Others

Healing Dissonances (Calcination, Dissolution, Separation, Conjunction, Fermentation, Distillation, Coagulation, Others)

Developing Strength

The Individuation Process

Freeing Oneself of Possessions of Social Ideals – Group Ownership of Culture, Land

Freeing One’s Identification with Acts of Others, Possession of Things Not Immediately Theirs, Complexes Arising from Family, Ethnicity, Sex, Class

Allowing for All Culture to Belong to Oneself (Integration of the Sum of Available Cultures within the Individual)

Becoming Individual (Awareness of What is Possible and Available)

Realizing the Potential (Action without Fear)

Knowing and Being in Music – Becoming Music

Project: Trusting and Being of Benefit
Project: Alchemy Process and Healing
Project: Integration of Others and Self
Project: Realization of Potential

X: Love and Sex

Friendship Pieces, Dedications, and Exchanges

Gestures of Affection in Music and Movement

Movement with Partners

Sharing Resonances of a Partner’s Mouth

Collaborative Pieces, Back and Forth Exchanges, Conversation Pieces

Stare into Each Other’s Eyes without Looking Away

Stare into Each Other’s Mind’s With Eyes Closed

Sound Vibrations and Sex

Tantra, Taoism, and Mysticism in Music

Project: Creating a conversation piece with back and forth collaboration.
Project: Create an exchange work without collaboration.

XI: Society

A Meditation on Direct Democracy

One’s Own Network and Community of Around 150 People

Degrees of Connection Outside one’s Own Network

Music in the Local Area (Population of Around 22,500)

Reaction to State-Organization

Reaction to Nationalism (Groups Dispersed Outside of a Geographical Area)

Reaction to Globalization

Style in the Global Age – Local, Regional, Global

The Role of the Musician in Society:

As Magician, Healer, Shaman

As Hermit, Rogue, Dissenter

As Fool, Jester, Prophet

Project: Create a socially-oriented work with collected materials; sounds and news stories, in reaction to global social organization.

Project: Create a work of community art that is protective from the influence of larger organizations, and supportive of immediate relationships.

Project: Finding a role as an artist: dissent, healing, and revelation.

XII: Ethics

Conflicting views - where do rights come from?

Rights – Meditation on What is Due – Rightness Preceding Wrongdoing, Restrictions Arising from Rights being Crossed

Say (Or Sing) Something You Wouldn’t Normally in Conversation (Freeing Oneself of Moral Consequences of Expression, Without Effecting Others Negatively)

Most Fundamental Rights of the Individual for Equality to Exist

Rights of Relationships in Society, Association and Non-Association

Rights to Ownership of What One Needs, Implications of Limitations and Sharing Resources

Rights of Other Living Things and of Nature

Justice – The Individual and Equality (Potential and Opportunity vs. Actuality)

Judgment of Others (in music) and Of the Self (responsibility for being just in society, and when it is right to judge)

Justice for Violations of an Individual’s Rights (violence, rape)

Justice for Violations of Rights to Relationships in Society (segregation, isolation)

Justice for Economic Violations (unfairness, white collar, theft)

Justice in Environmental and Living Things (destruction of the environment, animal rights)

Project: Freely expressing one’s rights, using truthful information, that are being encroached without blame or externalization

Project: Active, not passive in-your-face signage or informational campaigns for resolution and justice – group realization of projects.

Project: Freeing the individual from identification with the acts of others, things outside immediate possession.

XIII: The Mind

Music within Dreams, Music for Sleeping, Musical Symbols Encountered in Dreams

Meditation - Binaural Beats, Isochronic Tones, Brainwave Entrainment, Pitch Spaces, Using Singing Bowls or Electric Tambura

Hypnosis - Binaural Beats, Pitch Spaces

Perceptual Aspects and Effects - Otoacoustic Emissions, Barber’s Pole Illusion, Octave Illusion, Scale Illusion, Tritone Illusion, Other Auditory Illusions

Sensory Integration of Spatial Perception - Kinesthetic and Visual Aspects

Synaesthesia, Impairments, Use of Alternate Senses

Emotional Aspects of Music

Cognitive Aspects and Thought

Spiritual and Intuitive Aspects

Techniques to Obtain Altered States and Perceptual Awareness:

Binaural Beats

Localization with Frequency Response Alone Using One Ear

Filtering in Reverberation and Delays in 3D Localization Spheres

Pitch Spaces - The Tonnetz, Unpanned Assignments of Pitches to Spaces, Alternate Pitch Spaces, Pointillism and Absence of Melodic Contours

Using Upper Harmonics, Drones, Tambura, Guitar, Strings, Filters

Centered Hockets – One Line Becoming Two in Separate Registers

Centered Hockets - Two Lines Becoming One

Alternating Hockets – Poly- and Monophonic

Panned Hockets – Fast

With Listening Materials:

Eyes Closed – Focus Between Eyes – Internal Visualization – Internal Silence – Automatic Visualization

Eyes Open – Visualization Stimuli – Yantra, Points of Light – Internal Silence, Visualizations Present

Cupping Ear to Alternate Frequency Response

Slow Movement – Whole Notes – With Varying Durations and Rhythms

Movement Towards Sources – Arms and Direction – Facing (with pitched sources - dancer in center of a circle of sound sources or people)

Mixed Headphones / Environmental Sounds (with movement)

Environment Only (focus shifts) Headphones Only (above outside levels)

Silence – Hearing only Breathing and Heart Rate (and Possibly CNS)

Project: The visual-spatial aspects of sound and their relationship to frequency response and pitch, design a unique pitch-space or explore sound and space, sensory integration, or synesthesia.

Project: Writing lines and counterpoint with hocketing and panning to produce perceptual effects or auditory illusions.

Project: Explore resonant and ambient sound to induce altered states of meditation, dreaming, or hypnosis.

XIV: Logic-Based Organization and Form

The Trunk of the Tree (containing material to be developed)
Material is divided into branches using rings and altered in each successive reiteration, alterations use logical arguments

Simple Objects and Starting Points, Complex Objects Containing Others, Relationships to and From Objects, Relationships as Objects

Truth and Falsity – Finding Relationships Among the Starting Material
Is Falsity Necessary for Completeness in a Consistent System, or must it come from Elsewhere?

Otherness – Encompassing, Separateness, Necessitating, Sharing, Similarities, Causation, Synchronicity

For All, Existing – Determining What Material is to Be Changed
And, Or, Not – The Conditions

If, Else, Do, While, For – Conditions for Alteration
Less, Greater, Equal – The Alterations

Project: Composing starting material for the tree trunk, dividing material into overlapping sections to play in polyphony based on the relationships of material, splitting the sections entirely and altering them, using only analog means.

Project: Using a drum machine or sequencer do the same exercise in a more automated way, or do the same exercise with audio rather than musical notes.

Project: Create two overlapping trees as an experiment.

Project: Use loosely based improvisation notation.

Project: Create a work that changes each time it is played or with interaction.

XV: Knowledge

The Idea of Truth in Music

Untruthful Music – Plagiarism, Pseudepigrapha, Uncredited



Justifiable, Verifications of Author, Appropriations


Categorizations of Works, Movements, and Genres

Using the “On the Art of Everything” Conceptual Process:

Choosing Categories

Following the Loops

Noting the Overlaps and Connections

Reaching the End of the Process – With Connections Known (Having Gathered More Knowledge)

Developing Patterns and Directions of Thought

Integrating What is Learned

Project: Discussion of truth, belief, and justification
Project: Use the conceptual process to develop an idea for a work
Project: Simple realization of project

XVI: The Unknown

Mystery Music – Hidden Aspects, Deterioration of Score, Distortion of Audio

Absolute Music – Resonant Frequencies and Reverberation Alone, No Performance Required

Intangible Music – Too Widely Varied, Without a Definite Space or Timeframe

Uncertainty, Moment’s Notice – Music Unknown to Performers Before Hand (Not to be Confused with Aleatory)

Incomprehensible Music – Dense Polyphony, Hyper-Complexity, Speaking in Tongues

Naïve Music – Disabilities, Lack of Training

Strange Music and Unfamiliar Music – Outsider Music, Isolated Cultures

Absurd Music, Shocking Music

Enigmatic Music, Secrets

Unknown Modes, Harmonies, Intonations to Performer


Mystery Religion Music

Project: Create a hidden work or work with hidden aspects.
Project: Create a concept unknown before hand to be realized.
Project: Create a concept too great in scope for ultimate completion and realization.

XVII: The Spiritual

Use of Sephirot in Kabbalistic Music

The Infinite Light and Seed Sound, Points of Light, Om

Worlds Before the Formation of Harmony within Our Own –
The Creation of Harmony from the Spiritual Plane

The Absolute, Prima Materia, Philosophical Mercury

Arcane Diagrams, Alchemical Symbols and Processes

Channeling Music – Souls of Past Musicians

Stream of Consciousness – Absence of Prior Concept or Musical Score

Unbounded Music – Without Spatial Limitations – Scattered Piece

Eternal Music – Music outside of Time

Divination Systems – I Ching, Tarot, Geomancy

Hypnosis, Altered States, Transcendental States

Shamanistic States, Higher and Lower Worlds

ESP, Clairvoyance, and Precognition

Meditation – Zen, Dissolution of Thought Into the Absolute, Suchness, Guided Visualization

Dreams – Symbols as Motifs – Free Association

Growth of the Soul – The Soul as Sphere, Through Souls and Involvement of Others

Stages of the Soul – before, during, and after life, the self, partners, friends, others, souls becoming a person, influence of souls on a person, soul becoming a sphere after death

Project: Tapping into the Mystical in Music, Altered States, The Prima Materia
Project: Channeling, Stream of Consciousness, and Use of Divination
Project: The Idea of the Soul in Music, Eternal and Unbounded Music

XVIII: Religion

Comparison of Religions: Abrahamic, Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Zen, Tibetan, Shamanism, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Mesoamerican

Myth Music, Symbolic Origins, Choice of Symbolism

Myths of Origin and History

Mythological Figures and Places

Mythological Events, Miracles, Encounters with God, Angels

Myth and Moral-Making, Controlling Behavior, Ethical Justifications

Myths of Death, Afterlife, End of Days

Ritual Music – Regular Events

Week-Based, Daily Rituals, Monthly

Holidays and Yearly Observances, Solstices and Equinoxes

Rites of Passage into Adulthood (Before 30s – Puberty, Death of Grandparents, Saturn Return)

Rites of Adulthood (Marriage, Childbirth, Second Return)

Rites of Old Age (Death of Parents, Retirement from Work, Death)

Project: Myth-making – A New Genesis or Apocalyptic Revelation
Project: A New Festival or Ritual
Project: A Rite of Passage

XIX: The Body

Hand Gestures, Mudras, Sign Language

Using Hands to Create Masks, Use of Masks

Gesture-Dances (Moving) Phrases

Symbol-Poses (Still) Representations of Timbre or Harmony

Stretching, Extensions of Abilities, Hand Spans

Endurance Based – Number of Notes Possible, Lengths of Phrases

Breathing – Deep Breathing, Circular, Timed, Varying, with Wind Instruments, Relationship to Phrases

Heart Rate – Connection to Tempo

Sitting, Standing, Walking, and Running while Listening to Music

Sound and the Teeth and Bones

Sound and the Tissue and Organ Systems

Sound and Cells – Treatment of Cancer and Disease

Resonances of the Body

Sound in Ayurvedic and Acupuncture Practices, Sound Baths

Reaching Towards Sound Sources with Eyes Closed in Poses

Holding Sound Sources, Using Hand Position to Change Direction of Sound Source,
Eyes Closed, Waving Arms

Finding Partners Based on Movement Alone with Headphones

Movement Through a Space with Assigned Notes, The Kinesphere

Project: Motion Through a Space with Assigned Notes or a Kinesphere
Project: Alphabet of still forms with associated musical sonorities or chords.
Project: A gesture dance with music, with notation if desired, transitional forms.
Project: Movement based on sound localization, finding partners.

XX: Nature

The Landscape, Listening to Sounds Near and Far

Butterfly Technique, Variation of Rhythm in Nature

Waterfalls, Rain, Rivers, Currents, Waves

Bird Songs

The Lion’s Roar

Songs of the Wolves

Whale Songs, Marine Mammals


Snakes, Rattles


Bees and Flies

The Sun’s Rays

The Cosmos, Magic in the Sky Above

Botanical Garden, Growing Technique

Arboretum, Trees and Rings

Project: Create a work with only recorded sounds from nature.
Project: Using techniques developed in a modernist sense.
Project: Create an improvisatory work with guidelines.

XXI: Cosmic Music

The Weaving of the Fabric of Space – Sound and Space, Environmental Sounds, Silence-Sound Balance, Using Fifths, Exploring Intervals Outside Ideas of Traditional Phrasing and Melody, Continuance of Indeterminacy and Chaos

The Conception of Light – Using Cycles of Intervals with Starting and Ending Points, Fixation and Organization, Constant Rhythmic Units, Beats with Chings, The Harmonic Series, Reflection, Refraction, Diffraction, Projection

The Appearance of Matter – Creating the Impression of Larger Objects with Notes Alone – Notes are No Longer Independent or Random, but have Form and Phrases

The Basis of Mass – Dynamics, Masking, Sound Mass, and Clustering, Shake Objects Inside a Bowl, Explorations of Timbre

Magnetic Fields – Resonances, Using a Singing Bowl, Bottles

Gravity Music – Using Gravity to Produce Sound, Bouncing Balls, Falling Objects, Rhythmic Accuracy and Inconsistent Tempos, Difficulties in Performance

Formation of Atoms – Structuralism in Music, Variations of Phrases and Motifs

Aether Effects – Warping, Waves, Ripples, as if Underwater, Alterations of Material

Universes Colliding – Genesis Conceptions, Formal Development from a Seed

Spins – Rotational Forms, Circular Forms, Spinning Coins and Tops, Using Centrifugal Force

Charges – Interaction of Elements within the Piece

Depictions of Stars, Planets, Moons, Black Holes, Galaxies, Filaments

Using Timelines, Celestial Calendars, Star Maps

Theme (Palindrome), Retrograde, Inversion, Retrograde Inversion, Pitch Alterations, Rhythmic Alterations, Assignments to Planets and Moons – Music of the Spheres Canons

Project: Timbre and Technique-Based Impressions of Ideas
Project: Texture-Based Conceptual Improvisation and Interpretation
Project: Write a Music of the Spheres Canon Assigning Melodic Fragments to Phases of Planets and Moons with Retrogrades, Inversions

XXII: Light

Discussion of Harmonic Series, Tuning, and Resonances

The Photoelectric and Photovoltaic Effects, Electromagnetism

Interval-Based Color-Harmony

Triad-Based Color Harmony

Meditation Visualization:

Points of Light in a Ring

Points of Light in Rings Tunnel Inward

Shifting Regions of Color Diffused Over Areas

A Dark Circle Surrounded by Points of Light in a Bounded Box

Rings Emitted Outward From Heart Transverse World Around (Circles Project Outward Horizontally from an Elevation Above the Earth’s Surface, Then Encompassing It)

Light and Alchemy:

Circles of Color Tunneling Inward to a Point

A Line or Circle of Rings – Overlapping Colors

Rings Pulling Inward Towards a Center Point (becoming a circle)

Two Objects Surrounded by Mutually Shared Rings of Color (as auras or fields)

Project, Using In Combination:

Harmony - Color
Melody and Pitch – Spatial Location and Layout
Dynamics – Light and Dark
Timbre – Technique
Rhythm – Movement
Texture – Layers
Form – Form (Shape)

Project: Using New Tuning Systems
Project: A Meditation-Based Work